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Tel Aviv–Yafo, Yafo additionally spelled Jaffa or Joppa, Arabic Yāfa, major city and also economic center in Israel, positioned on the Mediterranean coastline some 40 mile (60 km) northwest the Jerusalem. Tel Aviv was started in 1909 together a Jewish garden suburb of the old Mediterranean harbor of Jaffa (now Yafo), with which it to be joined in 1950. By the beginning of the 21st century the contemporary city of Tel Aviv had occurred into a major economic and social centre. Tel Aviv is headquarters for a variety of government ministries, including the to adjust of Defense, and also other windy organizations, such together the Histadrut (General Federation of Labour). Most of the foreign embassies in Israel are likewise located in the city. In addition, many of Israel’s big corporations room headquartered in Tel Aviv.


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Tel Aviv’s fast growth and also emergence together a prominent centre to be largely because of its beneficial location. Proximity to the old city of Jaffa (whose port served as the gateway to Jerusalem, furthermore inland) and also a Jewish rural-agricultural hinterland were essential in Tel Aviv’s early stages, as was its status as the first modern Jewish city in Palestine. In the mid-1930s Tel Aviv gone beyond Jerusalem as the largest city in Palestine (after 1948, the State of Israel). In the mid-1970s, however, Jerusalem surpassed Tel Aviv, which proceeds to be the country’s second largest city. Tel Aviv creates the core of Israel’s biggest metropolitan area, representing more than two-fifths that Israel’s population. Regardless of some to decrease in its re-publishing of Israel’s population, the economic and cultural prominence that the Tel Aviv city area proceed to grow. Area city, 20 square miles (52 square km); city area, 586 square mile (1,518 square km). Pop. (2008) city, 402,600; city area, 3,233,500.


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Yarqon River
The Yarqon River, near Tel Aviv–Yafo, Israel.

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Climate

Tel Aviv has a typical Mediterranean climate with distinctive summer and also winter seasons and also less unique intermediate seasons. The weather is mild, with no major natural hazards. The lengthy summers space warm and also humid and also are there is no rain. Temperatures in August, the warmest month, with an typical maximum the 86 °F (30 °C) and also an average minimum the 75 °F (24 °C); temperature exceeding 95 °F (35 °C) space rare owing to the moderating impact of the sea. Winters are cool and pleasant, with temperatures in January, the coolest month, averaging a maximum of 64 °F (18 °C) and a minimum the 50 °F (10 °C), through temperatures rarely falling below 41 °F (5 °C). Precipitation is mostly confined come winter month (primarily November come March), with the mean annual precipitation averaging about 21 inch (530 mm). Snow is one unusual incident in Tel Aviv, i m sorry experienced just one significant snowfall in the 20th century.