On today in 1994, Richard M. Nixon, the country 37th president and the only one ever before to resign from the office, passed away in new York City after suffering a stroke 4 days previously at his house in Park Ridge, N.J.
Nixon’s funeral was held 5 days after ~ his fatality at the Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum in his hometown of Yorba Linda, Calif. It marked the very first time that 5 current and also former U.S. Presidents to visit the funeral of one more president.
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When he was elected to the presidency in 1968, Nixon pledged come “bring us with each other as a nation.” and yet before he died at period 81, he had actually written his own moral epitaph: “I permit the American human being down.”
While Nixon is extensively remembered now for having left the White house in disgrace in the wake of the Watergate scandal, he likewise succeeded in persuading congress to exempt 9 million low-income americans from paying earnings taxes while elevating levies on the rich; boosting Social security benefits; and also creating the eco-friendly Protection Agency. (His death synchronized with earth Day, i m sorry he had actually helped come initiate.)
A skilled actor in foreign affairs, Nixon additionally successfully negotiated a historical opening come Communist China while seeking come dampen cold war tensions through the Soviet Union. By the moment he left office in 1974, straight U.S. Military participation in the Vietnam War had actually all yet ceased.
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He to be one of just two politicians, along with Franklin D. Roosevelt, to run on a nationwide ticket 5 times. He to be Dwight D. Eisenhower’s to run mate in 1952 and also 1956 and the Republican presidential nominee in 1960, 1968 and also 1972. His twin political setbacks emerged in 1960, as soon as he narrowly lost his bid for the White house to Sen. Man F. Kennedy (D-Mass.) and also in 1962, when he unsuccessfully ran for branch of California — after ~ which that told some 100 reporters: “You don"t have actually Nixon come kick about anymore, because, gentlemen, this is my last push conference.”
The Rev. Billy Graham officiated in ~ the funeral service. Graham, a friend of Nixon’s, called him “one that the many misunderstood men, and also I think that was one of the best men that the century.” The eulogies were ceded by Graham, previous secretary the State Henry Kissinger, Sen. Bob Dole (R-Kan.), Gov. Pete Wilson (R-Calif.) and President bill Clinton.
Nixon"s funeral to be unique amongst such current state ceremonies in that, in accord v his wishes, nobody of the traditional facets of a state funeral emerged in the country capital. His funeral also marked the last significant public figure of former President Ronald Reagan, who in November of that year announced that was suffering from Alzheimer"s disease.
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Ten years later, on June 5, 2004, Reagan would end up being the an initial former president after Nixon to die.