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German chemists initially synthesized MDMA, or ecstasy, for pharmaceutical functions in 1912. Throughout the Cold War, the CIA experimented with MDMA as a psychological weapon. Ecstasy had become a renowned party medicine by the late 1980s, and it’s recreational usage is often connected with rave culture, dance parties and also electronic music festivals. Despite the illegal drug’s legal status, some clinical researchers now believe MDMA could have therapeutic benefits, specifically among world with PTSD, depression and other behavior issues.

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German chemists uncovered 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, or MDMA, in 1912 while occurring other medications that could stop bleeding.


The substance, they discovered, had unique psychoactive properties. The pharmaceutical firm Merck patented MDMA in 1914 together a compound that can have medicine value. It would be several decades prior to further drug breakthrough would take it place.

During the Cold battle both the U.S. Army and also the CIA experimented v MDMA and other hallucinogenic drugs together weapons.

MK-Ultra, a CIA project started in the 1950s, worked on the application of psychedelics because that mind control. The project became notorious for trial and error psychoactive medicine on unwitting subjects.


The CIA experimented with MDMA as component of MK-Ultra, however only tested the medicine on non-human subjects. This experiments created the first known toxicology research studies of MDMA. The drug’s password name to be EA-1475.

Therapeutic offers of MDMA

In the 1970s, part psychiatrists started using MDMA as a psychotherapeutic tool.

They thought it made your patients an ext willing to communicate and also participate in the psychotherapy process. Therapists referred to as the medicine “Adam,” because they feel it went back patients to a much more innocent state.

But through the 1980s, ecstasy or molly had actually become more widely well-known as a party drug. In a 1984 article, the san Francisco Chronicle called the drug “the yuppie psychedelic,” since it to be supposedly milder and also less dangerous than LSD.


In 1985, as component of the “War top top Drugs,” the United says outlawed MDMA under the regulated Substances Act together a Schedule 1 drug—like marijuana, LSD and also heroin—meaning it had a high potential for abuse and no real medicinal value.

Despite this listing, some medical researchers have conducted controlled experiments through MDMA, an especially focused top top the drug’s potential come treat world with PTSD (post-traumatic anxiety disorder), depression, anxiety and other behavior problems.

The authors of a 2016 evaluation of MDMA, released in the newspaper of Psychopharmacology, concluded the the drug “offers a promising treatment for PTSD.”


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Types of MDMA

MDMA is typically taken as a pill, capsule or tablet. The pills have the right to be different colors, and they sometimes have actually cartoon-like images or words published on them.

“Molly” regularly refers to a pure, crystalline powder kind of MDMA. It’s usually offered in capsules.

Some world think the this renders molly much safer than other species of MDMA. This, however, is a potentially dangerous myth.

Tests the confiscated molly present that it’s often mixed with other harmful substances, including methamphetamine or bathtub salts.

Even pure MDMA may have side impacts including increased heart rate, blurred vision, nausea, faintness, chills, and also muscle tension.


Effects that Molly

Ecstasy and molly have actually properties comparable to both a stimulant and a hallucinogen. It takes about 15 minutes for ecstasy to get in the bloodstream and reach the brain. Ecstasy’s effects commonly last 3 to 6 hours.

Users may experience a sense of euphoria and also a surging in energy or task level while using ecstasy. The drug likewise triggers hormones in the mind that can increase feelings of sexual arousal, trust, emotional closeness and empathy with various other ecstasy users.

Not all results are positive. Ecstasy can cause spikes in heart rate and blood push which can be dangerous for people with heart or blood courage problems.

Ecstasy also raises main point body temperature. The drug deserve to interfere with a user’s ability to tell they’re ending up being overheated. The threat of ecstasy deaths increases in hot settings such as crowded nightclubs or outdoor music venues, yet even at common temperatures, ecstasy have the right to kill through overheating the body.

Ecstasy and also Rave society

Ecstasy has long been linked with rave society and electronic dance music (EDM) events. Raves room all-night dance parties that regularly take place at clandestine or “underground” venues such together abandoned warehouses. They might be identified by medicine use, loud music and also a psychedelic atmosphere.

Raves an initial appeared in the joined States and also Europe in the 1980s, about the time the ecstasy was ending up being a popular street drug. That quickly became a mainstay in ~ raves.


Rave culture and electronic dance music culture are often characterized by a feeling of harmony and also acceptance. Because that many, there’s a spiritual aspect to it. Users may take ecstasy and other drugs to improve sensory perception and also create feel of euphoria.

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Since the mid-2000s, there have actually been several ecstasy-related deaths in ~ high-profile electronic dance music festivals, including electrical Daisy Carnival and Electric Zoo. Countless of these deaths have been attributed come the drug’s capacity to reason overheating.