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Saddam Hussein"s advance of tools of mass Destruction

In 2001, one Iraqi defector, Adnan Ihsan Saeed al-Haideri, claimed he had visited twenty mystery facilities because that chemical, biological and also nuclear weapons. Mr. Saeed, a civil engineer, supported his claims with stacks the Iraqi federal government contracts, complete with technological specifications. Mr. Saeed stated Iraq used companies come purchase tools with the blessing of the United countries - and also then secretly offered the devices for their weapons programs.Iraq admitted come producing biological agents, and also after the 1995 defection of a an elderly Iraqi official, Iraq admitted to the weaponization of countless liters the anthrax, botulinim toxin, and also aflatoxin because that use through Scud warheads, aerial bombs and also aircraft.United nations Special board of directors (UNSCOM) experts concluded that Iraq"s declarations on organic agents vastly understated the extent of that is program, and also that Iraq actually produced two to 4 times the amount of most agents, including anthrax and botulinim toxin, than it had declared.UNSCOM report to the UN protection Council in April 1995 that Iraq had actually concealed its biological weapons program and also had failed come account for 3 lots of development material for biological agents. The department of Defense reported in January 2001 that Iraq has ongoing to occupational on its weapons programs, including converting L-29 jet trainer aircraft for potential vehicles for the shipment of chemical or organic weapons.The al-Dawrah Foot and Mouth disease Vaccine Facility is among two recognized biocontainment level-three facilities in Iraq that have substantial air handling and also filtering system. Iraq has admitted the this was a biological weapons facility. In 2001, Iraq announced that it would begin renovating the tree without UN approval, ostensibly to create vaccines that it could more easily and more quickly import with the UN.Saddam Hussein continues its attempts to procure mobile organic weapons laboratories that might be offered for more research and also development. Chemistry WeaponsSaddam Hussein introduced a large-scale chemical tools attack against Iraq"s Kurdish population in the so late 1980s, death thousands. Top top at the very least 10 occasions, Saddam Hussein"s military forces have assaulted Iranian and also Kurdish targets through combinations that mustard gas and also nerve agents v the usage of aerial bombs, 122-millimeter rockets, and conventional artillery shells. Saddam Hussein proceeds his efforts to develop chemical weapons:Gaps figured out by UNSCOM in Iraqi accounting and present production capability strongly imply that Iraq maintains stockpiles of chemical agents, probably VX, sarin, cyclosarin and mustard.Iraq has not accounted for hundreds of tons of chemistry precursors and also tens of thousands of unfilled munitions, consisting of Scud different missile warheads.Iraq has actually not accounted because that at the very least 15,000 artillery rockets that in the past were the preferred vehicle for transporting nerve agents, nor has it accounted for about 550 pho shells filled with mustard agent.Iraq continues to rebuild and expand dual-use framework that it might quickly divert to chemical tools production, such together chlorine and also phenol plants.Iraq is seek to purchase chemical tools agent precursors and also applicable production equipment, and also is making an effort to hide activities at the Fallujah plant, i beg your pardon was one of Iraq"s chemistry weapons production facilities prior to the Gulf War.At Fallujah and three other plants, Iraq now has actually chlorine manufacturing capacity far greater than any civilian need for water treatment, and also the proof indicates that some of its chlorine imports room being diverted for armed forces purposes.Nuclear WeaponsSaddam Hussein had actually an progressed nuclear weapons advancement program prior to the Gulf War and also continues his work to develop a nuclear weapon:A brand-new report exit on September 9, 2002 native the international Institute for Strategic studies - an elevation research company - concludes the Saddam Hussein could construct a atom bomb within months if he to be able to achieve fissile material. Iraq has actually stepped up its pursuit for nuclear weapons and has undertook a global hunt for products to make an atom bomb. In the last 14 months, Iraq has sought come buy thousands of specially draft aluminum tubes which officials think were plan as components of centrifuges to enrich uranium. Iraq has withheld documentation appropriate to its previous nuclear program, including data around enrichment techniques, foreign procurement, tools design, experimental data, and also technical documents.Iraq still has actually the technical expertise and some the the facilities needed to seek its score of building a atom weapon.Saddam Hussein has actually repeatedly met through his nuclear researchers over the previous two years, signaling his ongoing interest in emerging his nuclear program.Ballistic MissilesIraq is thought to be emerging ballistic missiles v a range greater 보다 150 kilometers - as prohibited by the UN defense Council Resolution 687.Discrepancies determined by UNSCOM in Saddam Hussein"s declarations imply that Iraq retains a little force that Scud-type missiles and an undetermined variety of launchers and also warheads.Iraq proceeds work ~ above the al-Samoud liquid propellant short-range missile (which have the right to fly past the enabled 150 kilometers). The al-Samoud and also the heavy propellant Ababil-100 appeared in a military parade in Baghdad top top December 31, 2000, saying that both systems room nearing work deployment.The al-Rafah-North facility is Iraq"s major site for trial and error liquid propellant missile engines. Iraq has actually been structure a new, larger test was standing there the is plainly intended for experimentation prohibited longer-range missile engines.At your al-Mamoun facility, the Iraqis have actually rebuilt structures that had actually been dismantled by UNSCOM the were initially designed come manufacture heavy propellant electric motors for the Badr-2000 missile program. < critical Chapter | Table of materials | next Chapter >