The motto IN GOD we TRUST was put on United states coins largely due to the fact that of the increased spiritual sentiment existing during the polite War. Secretary that the Salmon P. Follow received many appeals from devout persons throughout the country, urging the the joined States recognize the divine being on United states coins. Indigenous department records, it shows up that the first such appeal came in a letter dated November 13, 1861. It was written to Secretary chase by Rev. M. R. Watkinson, Minister that the Gospel from Ridleyville, Pennsylvania, and also read:

Dear Sir: girlfriend are about to send your annual report come the congress respecting the to work of the nationwide finances.

One truth touching our money has hitherto been seriously overlooked. I mean the recognition of the Almighty God in some form on our coins.

You are more than likely a Christian. What if ours Republic were no shattered past reconstruction? would not the antiquaries of succeeding centuries rightly factor from our past that us were a heathen nation? What i propose is that instead of the goddess of liberty us shall have next within the 13 stars a ring inscribed through the words PERPETUAL UNION; in ~ the ring the allseeing eye, crowned with a halo; in ~ this eye the American flag, bearing in its field stars equal to the variety of the says united; in the wrinkle of the bars the indigenous GOD, LIBERTY, LAW.

This would certainly make a beautiful coin, to which no possible citizen might object. This would relieve us from the ignominy of heathenism. This would place us open under the magnificent protection we have personally claimed. From mine hearth I have actually felt our national shame in disowning God as no the least of our current national disasters.

To you an initial I resolve a topic that must be agitated.

As a result, Secretary chase instructed James Pollock, manager of the Mint at Philadelphia, to prepare a motto, in a letter dated November 20, 1861: dear Sir: No country can be strong except in the stamin of God, or safe other than in His defense. The trust of our people in God have to be asserted on our national coins.

You will cause a maker to be prepared without unnecessary hold-up with a motto express in the fewest and also tersest words possible this nationwide recognition.

It was discovered that the act of Congress dated January 18, 1837, prescribed the mottoes and also devices that need to be inserted upon the coins that the joined States. This intended that the mint can make no changes without the it spreads widely of added legislation by the Congress. In December 1863, the director of the Mint submitted designs for new one-cent coin, two-cent coin, and three-cent coin to Secretary chase for approval. He proposed the upon the designs either OUR COUNTRY; ours GOD or GOD, OUR to trust should show up as a motto on the coins. In a letter come the Mint manager on December 9, 1863, Secretary follow stated: I approve your mottoes, only arguing that ~ above that through the Washington obverse the motto should start with the word OUR, so regarding read our GOD and OUR COUNTRY. And also on that with the shield, it should be adjusted so regarding read: IN GOD us TRUST.

The congress passed the plot of April 22, 1864. This legislation adjusted the composition of the one-cent coin and authorized the minting of the two-cent coin. The Mint Director to be directed to build the designs for these coins for last approval the the Secretary. IN GOD us TRUST first appeared ~ above the 1864 two-cent coin.

Another act of conference passed on in march 3, 1865. It allowed the Mint Director, through the Secretary"s approval, to place the motto on all gold and silver coins that "shall admit the engraving thereon." Under the Act, the motto was inserted on the yellow double-eagle coin, the yellow eagle coin, and also the yellow half-eagle coin. The was likewise placed on the silver dollar coin, the half-dollar coin and also the quarter-dollar coin, and on the nickel three-cent coin beginning in 1866. Later, conference passed the Coinage plot of February 12, 1873. It likewise said that the Secretary "may reason the motto IN GOD we TRUST to it is in inscribed on such coins together shall admit of together motto."

The use of IN GOD us TRUST has actually not to be uninterrupted. The motto disappeared indigenous the five-cent coin in 1883, and also did not reappear until production of the Jefferson nickel began in 1938. Since 1938, every United states coins be afflicted with the inscription. Later, the motto was found lacking from the new design that the double-eagle yellow coin and also the eagle gold coin shortly after they showed up in 1907. In solution to a general demand, conference ordered the restored, and the act of may 18, 1908, made it mandatory on every coins upon which it had actually previously appeared. IN GOD us TRUST was no mandatory on the one-cent coin and also five-cent coin. It might be placed on lock by the Secretary or the Mint Director v the Secretary"s approval.

The motto has been in continuous use on the one-cent coin because 1909, and on the ten-cent coin since 1916. It also has showed up on all gold coins and silver disagreement coins, half-dollar coins, and quarter-dollar coins struck since July 1, 1908.

A legislation passed through the 84th conference (P.L. 84-140) and approved by the chairman on July 30, 1956, the President authorized a share Resolution that the 84th Congress, heralding IN GOD us TRUST the nationwide motto of the unified States. IN GOD us TRUST was an initial used on paper money in 1957, once it appeared on the one-dollar silver- certificate. The first document currency bearing the motto gotten in circulation ~ above October 1, 1957. The bureau of Engraving and also Printing (BEP) to be converting to the dried intaglio printing process. During this conversion, it gradually consisted of IN GOD we TRUST in the ago design of every classes and denominations of currency.

As a part of a comprehensive modernization routine the BEP efficiently developed and installed new high-speed rotating intaglio printing presses in 1957. These enabled BEP come print currency by the dry intaglio process, 32 notes to the sheet. One-dollar silver certificates to be the very first denomination published on the brand-new high-speed presses. They had IN GOD us TRUST as component of the reverse architecture as BEP adopted new dies according to the law. The motto likewise appeared top top one-dollar silver certificates the the 1957-A and 1957-B series.

BEP prints united States paper currency by an intaglio procedure from engraved plates. It was necessary, therefore, come engrave the motto right into the printing plates together a part of the basic engraved architecture to offer it the prestige it deserved.

One-dollar silver- certificates collection 1935, 1935-A, 1935-B, 1935-C, 1935-D, 1935-E, 1935-F, 1935-G, and 1935-H to be all printed on the larger flat-bed presses through the wet intaglio process. P.L. 84-140 known that one enormous cost would be connected with automatically replacing the costly printing plates. The law permitted BEP come gradually convert to the consists of IN GOD we TRUST ~ above the currency. Accordingly, the motto is not uncovered on series 1935-E and 1935-F one-dollar notes. By September 1961, IN GOD us TRUST had actually been included to the back design the the series 1935-G notes.

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Some early printings of this series do not bear the motto. IN GOD we TRUST shows up on all collection 1935-H one-dollar silver- certificates.

Below is a listing by denomination the the very first production and also delivery days for money bearing IN GOD us TRUST:

$1 federal Reserve note February 12, 1964March 11, 1964
$5 joined States note January 23, 1964March 2, 1964
$5 federal Reserve note July 31, 1964September 16, 1964
$10 commonwealth Reserve note February 24, 1964April 24, 1964
$20 federal Reserve note October 7, 1964October 7, 1964
$50 federal Reserve note August 24, 1966September 28, 1966
$100 commonwealth Reserve keep in mind August 18, 1966September 27, 1966