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California is residence to much more immigrant eligible voter than any kind of other state. Above, voters in Los Angeles prepare your ballots on march 1 throughout early voting because that the presidential primary. (Mario Tama/Getty Images)

About one-in-ten human being eligible to poll in this year’s U.S. Presidential election room immigrants. And most (61%) of these 23 million nature citizens live in just 5 states.

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California has more immigrant eligible voters (5.5 million) than any type of other state, much more than new York (2.5 million) and also Florida (2.5 million) combined. Texas and new Jersey round out the top five, with 1.8 million and 1.2 million immigrant standard voters, respectively.

Here is a closer look at immigrant eligible voter in these 5 states.


This post is part of a continuing exploration of immigrant in the U.S. And also their eligible voter population. Because that this project, we analyzed the in-depth demographics and geographic circulation of immigrants who space eligible to poll in the 2020 presidential election. The hatchet “eligible voters” describes persons eras 18 and also older who space U.S. Citizens. The analysis is based on data indigenous the 2018 U.S. Census Bureau’s American community Survey provided through incorporated Public usage Microdata series (IPUMS) native the university of Minnesota.


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1Asians consist of 43% of immigrant eligible voters in California, the highest of any kind of racial or country group. Nationally, Latinos consist of a higher share that immigrant standard voters 보다 Asians (34% vs. 31%), yet the turning back is true in the golden State, where many Latino immigrants room ineligible come vote because they carry out not organize U.S. Citizenship.

California’s immigrant eligible voter come from countless countries. Yet three origin nations account for 46% the the total: Mexico (1.5 million immigrant standard voters), the Philippines (604,000 voters) and Vietnam (430,000 voters).

The vast bulk of California’s immigrant eligible voter (75%) have actually lived in the United claims for much more than 20 years. The re-publishing is highest possible (82%) among California’s Latino immigrant voters. Smaller majorities of eastern (71%), white (71%) and also black (59%) immigrant eligible voters in California have actually lived in the country for at the very least two decades. English proficiency varies widely among the state’s immigrant eligible voters. For example, 86% of black color immigrant eligible voters in California space English proficient, a substantially greater share than among all the state’s immigrant eligible voters (55%).

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2New York stands out for the racial and also ethnic diversity that its immigrant eligible voters. Asians (26%), Latinos (25%) and also whites (25%) make up comparable shares of the state’s immigrant eligible voters, while black immigrants (21%) room a slightly lower share.

When it involves speaking English, black color immigrant eligible voter in new York space substantially an ext likely to it is in English knowledgeable (89%) than white (66%), eastern (52%) and Latino (47%) immigrant voters.

In brand-new York, no single birth nation accounts because that a huge share the the state’s immigrant standard voters; around a quarter of foreign-born voter come indigenous the state’s three biggest birth countries. Immigrant from the Dominican Republic room the largest solitary group, through 264,000 standard voters, adhered to by China (207,000) and Jamaica (143,000).

3Latinos consist of 54% the Florida’s immigrant default voters, far greater than the share of white, black and also Asian immigrant voter in the state (17%, 16% and 10% respectively).

Florida’s immigrant voters have actually varying levels of English proficiency. Because that example, around fifty percent (51%) that Latino immigrant eligible voters are knowledgeable in English, a far lower share than among white (82%) or black (81%) immigrant voters.

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With 606,000 voters, Cuban immigrants space the largest group in Florida’s foreign-born electorate. Colombian immigrants, in ~ 190,000, and Haitian immigrants, at 187,000, space the second- and third-largest groups.

4Texas rivals Florida in its re-superstructure of spain immigrant voters. Roughly fifty percent (52%) of every immigrant eligible voters in Texas space Hispanic, a share the trails only Florida (54%) amongst the height states. Eastern immigrants are the second-largest team in Texas in ~ 29%.

Around seven-in-ten immigrant voter in Texas (68%) have actually lived in the U.S. For much more than two decades, similar to the share among all U.S. Immigrant voters (68%). However, the re-superstructure of long-term citizens is especially lower among black immigrant voters in Texas (40%).

A high re-publishing of black and white immigrant voters in Texas space English competent (88% and 85%, respectively). Lower shares of eastern (64%) and Hispanic (47%) immigrant voters room proficient. This is comparable to the sample nationally.

By nation of birth, Mexican immigrants alone account because that 40% of every immigrant voter in Texas, or 736,000 people. The second-largest group, through 130,000 voters, are immigrants from Vietnam, if Indian immigrants, through 115,000 voters, consist of the third-largest group in the state.

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5New Jersey has a high re-superstructure of eastern immigrant voters with a university degree. around two-thirds of asian immigrant voter in new Jersey (66%) have actually a bachelor’s degree or higher. It is substantially higher than the share among other immigrant voter groups in the state and the share among immigrant voters in the U.S. As whole (36%), consisting of those who space Asian.

Among brand-new Jersey’s 1.2 million immigrant eligible voters, 32% are Latino, 30% are Asian, 25% are white and 11% space black.

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Meanwhile, the height birth countries for immigrant eligible voters in new Jersey room India (122,000 voters), the Dominican Republic (103,000) and the Philippines (63,000).

See the table listed below (or open it as a PDF) for detailed features of immigrant eligible voter in California, new York, Florida, Texas, brand-new Jersey and nationally.