Members that the Punxsutawney Groundhog Club with Punxsutawney Phil.(Image credit: The Punxsutawney Groundhog society | groundhog.org)
Punxsutawney Phil observed his zero this year. As the legend goes, that method six much more weeks the winter weather lay ahead; no zero indicates an early spring. Phil, a groundhog, has actually been forecasting the weather top top Groundhog day for more than 120 years, however just how good is he in ~ his job?


Not very, it turns out.

You are watching: If a groundhog sees its shadow

Punxsutawney Phil was very first tasked v predicting the upcoming feather weather in 1887, and also the procedure hasn"t changed much since. The Punxsutawney Groundhog Club, of Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, takes care of Phil year-round, and also on each Feb. 2, members the the club"s inner Circle rouse Phil in ~ sunrise (this morning, castle awakened him at 7:25 a.m.) to view if he casts a shadow. (Contrary to popular belief, Phil doesn"t actually have to see his shadow; the just has to cast one to do his wintery prophecy.)


According come the Groundhog Club"s records, the assorted incarnations of Punxsutawney Phil have predicted 104 forecasts of an ext winter and also 20 at an early stage springs. There are nine year without any kind of records, and also even the Punxsutawney Area chamber of Commerce, i beg your pardon keeps track of this things, doesn"t know what taken place to Phil during those years. Data from the Stormfax Almanac"s data mirrors that Phil"s six-week prognostications have actually been correct around 39% the the time.

Phil does a the shade poorer once you check his performance against actual weather outcomes because 1969, when the accuracy of weather documents is much less in question, said Tim Roche, a meteorologist at Weather Underground. Native 1969 on, Phil"s in its entirety accuracy rate drops to around 36%.


The groundhog"s strength of prognostication are slightly better when the doesn"t watch his shadow, though. "When Phil suspect a short winter, he was much much more likely to be right," Roche previously told Live Science. "Out the the 15 times that he didn"t check out his shadow and predicted very early spring, he obtained it right seven times. That"s a 47% accuracy rate," he stated at the time. (In fact, Punxsutawney Phil appears to have actually meteorology top top his side this year, together Accuweather meteorologists space forecasting some stormy weather at the very least in the Northeast this month, Accuweather reported.)

And how does that stand up versus human forecasters? "If Punxsutawney Phil is best 39% of the time, that"s much, much worse than a climatological prediction," Roche said. "Even if you upper and lower reversal a coin, you"ll tho be best close to half of the time. That"s a 50 percent accuracy rate. So you"ll be far better off flipping a coin 보다 going through the groundhog"s predictions."


Ouch. To dominance out the possibility that Roche just has actually a thing versus groundhogs, we checked Phil"s performance through David Unger, a meteorologist at the nationwide Weather Service. It looks choose Phil more than likely won"t be getting a task at the NWS any time soon, either.

"It"s extremely challenging to give an calculation of just how accurate climate suspect are," Unger called Live scientific research in 2011. "But compared to the terms with which Groundhog work predictions space made, which are if the weather will be mild or not mild, then if our forecasts are about 60 percent exact or higher, climate we think about that to be a great estimate."

So over there you go. The statistics imply that you most likely shouldn"t hold-up that spring cleaning based on Punxsutawney Phil"s forecast. Climate again, what carry out you expect? Phil is a groundhog, ~ all.

Editor"s Note: This post was update on Feb. 2, 2020, v Phil"s brand-new forecast.

Original short article on Live Science.

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